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NITDA na baiwa ‘yan Najeriya shawara kan sauye-sauyen manufofin sirri na WhatsApp

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mr kashifu inuwa, director general, nitda

Hukumar Bunkasa Fasahar Sadarwa ta Kasa (NITDA) a karkashin Sashe na 6 (f) na dokar NITDA 2007 tana son bada shawara ga ’yan Najeriya don magance damuwa kan sauye-sauye da Kaidojin Sabis na Whatsapp da Dokar Tsare Sirri wanda ya fara aiki daga 15 ga Mayu 2021.

Miliyoyin ‘yan Nijeriya suna amfani da dandalin Whatsapp don kasuwanci, zamantakewa, ilimantarwa, da sauran dalilai. Wannan dandalin sada zumunta ne da ‘yan Najeriya suka zaba.

Don fahimtar batutuwan da kuma ba da damar bayyana ra’ayoyin ta, NITDA tare da haɗin gwiwar kungiyar Sadarwar Afirka ta Masu Kula da Ba da Bayanai sun haɗa Facebook Incorporated, masu mallakar dandalin Whatsapp, musamman, jami’anta na Manufofin Duniya a ranar 9 ga Afrilu 2021. Bayan ƙaddamarwa, NITDA, a matsayin mai kula da bayanan sirri na Najeriya, yana son bawa ‘yan Najeriya shawara kan yadda tsarin kasuwanci a Facebook ya shafi’ yancin su na sirri.

Menene Ya Canja?

Facebook ya mallaki Whatsapp a watan Fabrairun 2014. A yanzu haka Facebook na da masu amfani da shi sama da biliyan 2.5 a duniya, yayin da Whatsapp ke da masu amfani da shi sama da biliyan biyu. Whatsapp ya raba Sharuddan Sirrin da aka jaddada a ranar 4 ga Janairun 2021, tare da sanar da masu amfani da shi a wajan Tarayyar Turai cewa yanzu zai yada bayanansu ga Facebook wato kamfanoni ‘yar uwarsa.

Jerin bayanan da manhajar Whatsapp ke tattarawa

Whatsapp yana tattara bayanai masu amfani dashi:

  • Bayanan asusu (account information);
  • Saƙonni (gami da saƙonnin da ba a aiko ba, isar da saƙo);
  • Haɗi (connections);
  • Bayanin matsayin (status information);
  • Ma’amaloli da bayanan biyan kudi (transactions and payments);
  • Amfani da bayanan shiga (usage and log information);
  • Na’urar da bayanin haɗin (device and connection information);
  • Bayanin wuri (location information);
  • Kukis da dai sauransu (cookies etc.)

Sauran bayanan da Whatsapp suke tattarawa sun hada da:

  • Matakin baturi (battery level);
  • ƙarfin sigina (signal strength);
  • Sigar aiki (app version);
  • Bayanan bincike (browser infomation);
  • Hanyar sadarwar hannu (mobile network);
  • Bayanan haɗi (haɗe da lambar waya, kamfanin sadarwa ko ISP), yare da yankin lokaci (connection information (including phone number, mobile operator or ISP), language and time zone);
  • Adireshin Yarjejeniyar Intanet (IP Address);
  • Bayanan ayyukan na’ura (device operations information);
  • Masu gano kafofin yada labarai (social media identifiers).

Sabuwar manufar mafi kyau ta ba da tsarin aikin raba bayanai tare da Facebook da kamfanoninsa-

“A wani bangare na Kamfanonin Facebook, WhatsApp na karbar bayanai kuma yana raba bayanai da, sauran Kamfanonin na Facebook. Za muyi amfani da bayanan da muka samu daga gare su, kuma suna iya amfani da bayanan da muka raba musu, don taimakawa aiki, samarwa, haɓakawa, fahimta, tsarawa, tallafi, da tallata Sabis ɗinmu da abubuwan da suke bayarwa, gami da Kayan Kamfanin Facebook…

Whatsapp yana bada bayanai da aka lissafa a sama da kuma wadanda ke kasa zuwa ga kamfanin Facebook:

  • Bayanan rajistar asusu (account registration information);
  • Bayanai kan yadda masu amfani suke mu’amala da wasu (details on how users interact with others);
  • Bayanan wayar hannu (mobile device information);
  • Adireshin Yarjejeniyar Intanet (Internet Protocol address);
  • Bayanin wuri da dai sauransu (Location data etc).

Tawagar Facebook ɗin ta tabbatar da cewa sakonnin sirri da aka yaɗa na WhatsApp a asirce suke ta yadda kamfanin baya iya ganin abinda ya kunsa. Amma bayanai game da yadda ake amfani da sabis ɗin wanda kuma bayanan sirri ne, dandalin na whatsapp yana yaɗa su ga sauran mambobin kungiyar Facebook.

Masu amfani da Whatsapp suna da ‘yanci su yanke shawara kan bada izinin sarrafa bayanan su dangane da sabuwar manufar tsare sirri. Dokar Kare Bayanai ta Najeriya (NDPR) ta amince da buɗaɗɗen bayani mai ma’ana game da bayanan sirrin da mai kula ya yi bayaninsu ta hanyar Bayanan a matsayin daya daga cikin mahimman ka’idoji na sarrafa bayanai.

Amincewa da sabon tsarin tsare sirri da kuma ka’idojin amfani yana nuna cewa yanzu za’a raba bayanan mai amfani da Facebook da sauran wasu kamfanoni na daban. Masu amfani yanzu za su kasance ƙarƙashin sharuɗɗa da manufofin Facebook da sauran ƙungiyoyin karɓar bayanai ko da kuwa ba a amfani da sabis ɗin su kai tsaye.

Nasiha

Sakamakon abubuwan da muka ambata, NITDA ta ba da shawara kamar haka:

‘Yan Nijeriya su lura cewa akwai wasu manhajoji ko dandamali na yau da kullun da suke kunshe dukkan abubuwan bukata waɗanda zaku so ku bincika. Zaɓin manhaja ko dandali yakamata ayi la’akari da yaada yake yaɗa bayanai, sirri, sauƙin amfani tsakanin wasu; kuma

Takaita yaɗa bayanan sirri da kuma muhimman bayanai ta kafafaen sada zumunta, duba da yadda suke saɓawa ko sauya ƙa’idojin killace sirrin masu amfani dasu kamar wannan.

Hadin kan Najeriya da Facebook ya ci gaba. Mun basu ra’ayin mu game da fannoni don inganta bin NDPR. Har ila yau, mun gabatar da damuwa game da bambancin da ke tsakanin bayanan sirri da ake amfani da su a Turai, ƙarƙashin GDPR da sauran duniya.

Dangane da abubuwan da suka gabata da sauran batutuwan da ke faruwa game da kamfanonin fasahar kasa da kasa, NITDA, tare da masu ruwa da tsaki, na bincika dukkan hanyoyin don tabbatar da cewa ‘yan Najeriya ba su zama wadanda ke fama da mulkin mallaka na zamani ba.

Tsaron ƙasarmu, mutuncinmu da sirrin mutum ɗaya suna da abubuwan lura wanda bai kamata mu rasa ba. Saboda wannan, za mu yi aiki tare da Ma’aikatar Sadarwa ta Tarayya da Tattalin Arziki na Tattalin Arziki don shirya hackathon ga ‘yan Nijeriya don tsara hanyoyin da za su iya ba da sabis waɗanda za su samar da madadin aiki ga manhajoji ko dandamalin zamantakewar duniya na yanzu.

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